Sagrada Familia the Pearl of Barcelona
In every tourist city there is that one “must see” attraction that attracts a lot of visitors every year. Only with one mention of Paris, the image of the Eiffel Tower instantly pops up, or the image of the Statue of Liberty appears in your mind as soon as you here the USA, or the iconic pyramid of Cheops can replace the name of Egypt on the geographical map.
However, perhaps no other country in the world has such a specific symbol that is the absolute business card of the Spanish city of Barcelona. It is, of course, the famous work of the great architect Gaudí, the cathedral of Sagrada Familia.
Brief History of Sagrada Familia
The creation of Sagrada Familia began in 1882 with the name of the architect Francisco de Villar. Initially, the construction was conceived to be executed in a neo-gothic style, in the spirit of that time and according to the classical ideas of how the Christian church should look. However, Villar abandoned the project and from that moment it was headed by the magnificent Antoni Gaudí.
As an abstractionist artist engulfed in inner impulses and emotions, Gaudí spilled his ideas chaotically, usually without diagrams and drawings. It is no wonder that the construction demanded his personal presence and help most of the time, so, with the pass of time, Sagrada Familia became for the architect both – a workshop and a shelter.
43 years of his life the master gave to the creation of this pearl. Unfortunately, in his lifetime only one-third of his design has been embodies. On June 10, 1926 Gaudí died unexpectedly at the age of 74, after being hit by a tram. He was buried in the Carmen chapel of the temple crypt, where his remains rest till this very day.
5 Curiosities about Sagrada Familia
1. If it is completed in 2026, as planned, it will be exactly a hundred years since the death of Antoni Gaudí and 144 since the first stone had been laid.
2. The construction of Sagrada Familia is fully funded from the sales of the visitors’ tickets and private donations.
3. There is not a single straight line inside Sagrada Familia, everything is built imitating nature (that never uses straight lines). The columns that support the temple emulate trees that rise from the floor to the ceiling and the trajectory of growth has been calculated arithmetically.
4. When Sagrada Familia is finished, it will have 18 towers. The 12 shortest ones will represent the apostles, the 4 highest – the evangelists, another one, a bit higher, – the Virgin Mary and the highest one with a cross will represent Jesus Christ.
5. Gaudí knew that he was not going to be alive to see his great project finished. That is why he left sketches, plans and indications, so that those who took over the project, knew how to continue the work. But that valuable information was burnt during the Civil War. So from then on the construction continued without them. Unfortunately, we will never see Sagrada Familia finished as it has been imagined by the genius.
Opening hours from November to February – from 9:00 till 18:00, in March – from 9:00 till 19:00, from April to September – from 9:00 till 20:00, in October – from 9:00 till 19:00, 25th and 26th of December and on 1st and 6th of January – from 9:00 till 14:00. Don’t forget to check this information before you go.
The cost of the ticket is 15-22-24-29 EUR (with a guide or an audio-guide). The price depends on the chosen program.
Sagrada Familia is the masterpiece of Antoni Gaudí, an icon of modernist architecture, inspired by nature, but incorporating the novelties of the industrial revolution, such as iron and glass, materials that in the hands of Gaudí become magical.