Mount Kilimanjaro is a volcano that is located in the national park of Tanzania. It has an altitude of 5,895 meters, which makes it the highest mountain in Africa and one of the highest volcanoes in the world.
The Three Summits of Mount Kilimanjaro
Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira – are the three summits of Mount Kilimanjaro, which are craters of a volcanic origin. The Uhuru Peak on Mount Kibo is the highest point with 5,895 meters of altitude.
(5,895 m) is a huge crater more than 2 km wide inside which Reusch, the second crater about 1.3 km in diameter, is located. It is considered to be a dormant volcano and even today emits smaller fumaroles.
The Discovery of Mount Kilimanjaro
It is interesting that this wonder of nature was not known until well into the nineteenth century. It was the German missionary Johannes Rebmann, together with Ludwig Krapf, who discovered the Mount in 1848.
The first person who crowned the Kilimanjaro was a German named Hans Meyer on October 6, 1889, who undertook the adventure with the chagga guide Yohana Lauwo and an Austrian Ludwig Purtscheller.
The trekking of Kilimanjaro is an exciting adventure for any lover of mountains and nature. It is about walking a long distance, between 50 and 70 km, camping in tents or sleeping in shelters, overcoming a challenge and enjoying a very unique natural scenery.
Here are some tips to reach the top of this marvel:
- Choose well your Kilimanjaro route. In Marangu you will find more amenities, such as shelters, but also more people. Machame is more alpine and quiet, runs along the south face like Umbwe. Rongai by the northern face is drier, but perhaps also somewhat less beautiful. Lemosho and Shira, starting from the western part of the mountain, are long routes and generally less traveled;
- It is necessary to have the right clothes, shoes and equipment. Clothing and footwear on Kilimanjaro are key to keeping warm and climbing comfortably. The biggest problem of this trekking is that it crosses four climatic zones: from humid forests to the cold summit. The best way to equip yourself in these conditions is to use the model of the three layers. Do not forget that gloves and hats are absolutely essential;
- Prepare yourself physically. Climbing knowledge is not necessary to climb Kilimanjaro, but it is recommended to have a good physical form;
- Choose the right moment to go. The two main seasons for climbing Kilimanjaro are from January to March and from June to October. Between January and March the weather will be warmer and the mountain will be calmer. Between June and October, it is also a good time, although there will be a greater number of people;
- Take care of your health, watch out for altitude sickness. The main tips to avoid altitude sickness are the next ones: always walk slowly, even in the lower parts of the mountain; drink plenty of water to stay hydrated; climb high in the day, but sleep lower; choose a long route.
- Choose wisely the guides and porters who will accompany you. It is mandatory to have a local guide and porters to climb Kilimanjaro. The usual thing is that each expedition has a guide and three porters for each member of the team. Quite possibly only the guide will know how to speak English. Make sure, in any case, that the porters have adequate material and preparation and that they do not walk with excess weight.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa. It is known for its famous ice fields and for its great variety of ecosystems of impressive flora and fauna. Climb Mount Kilimanjaro to enjoy the magnificent views all over Africa that it offers.